Higher Education Professors wages/salaries Foreign students (US$ /year) 76,750 281,391 0 50,000 100,000 0 200,000 400,000 UK 1 France 2 Germany 3 Spain 4 Average * 100,000 94,000 63,000 50,000 438,010 310,000 301,350 76,333 Average * UK 5 France 6 Germany 7 Spain 8 UK France Germany Spain Average * Number of universities in Top 100 ranking 9,10 4 4.75 2 13 Government expenditure in research and education Tertiary completion rate 11 40.7 / 110.85 US$ billion 31.2 / 80.5 US$ billion 99.3 / 225.9 US$ billion 914.4 US$ million / 56 US$ billion 43 / 118.3 US$ billion 0 100 % UK France Germany Spain Average* UK 12,13 France 14 Germany 15,16 Spain 17,18 Average* Research Education Male Female Average* 41% 52% 46% 40% 50% 45% 30% 32% 31% 37% 45% 41% 40.75% * Average of the four European countries researched: France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom #4 #6 #7 Position in QS World Ranking DUCL – UniversityCollege London Oxford Cambridge England #98 #176 #1 #425 #249 National Universityof Ireland, Galway University College Dublin Trinity CollegeDublin Ireland #140 #390 #411 Bangor Swansea Cardiff Wales Not listed Not listed Ulster Queen’s, Belfast Northern Ireland #63 #77 #244 Dundee St. Andrews Glasgow Scotland

All universities in the UK demand a tuition fee – none of them is public or government-owned, like in most countries. They are independent organizations and the majority of them have somekind of government funding – still, students that want to get a degree have to contribute financially, unless they have scholarships. 30
Recently, the financing of universities has become a sensitive issue in the UK. With the country’s decision to leave the European Union (EU), and the subsequent inability to access EU funds for higher education, institutions are becoming increasingly more concerned that international students might not be able to go to the United Kingdom to get a degree anymore. The number of 438,000 international students is expected to drop in the near future, considering 127,000 come from other EU countries. As if this wasn’t enough trouble, Brexit could also have a bear on research funding, which is also seen as a major concern.31
Higher Education Professors wages/salaries Foreign students (US$ /year) 76,750 281,391 0 50,000 100,000 0 200,000 400,000 UK 1 France 2 Germany 3 Spain 4 Average * 100,000 94,000 63,000 50,000 438,010 310,000 301,350 76,333 Average * UK 5 France 6 Germany 7 Spain 8 UK France Germany Spain Average * Number of universities in Top 100 ranking 9,10 4 4.75 2 13 Government expenditure in research and education Tertiary completion rate 11 40.7 / 110.85 US$ billion 31.2 / 80.5 US$ billion 99.3 / 225.9 US$ billion 914.4 US$ million / 56 US$ billion 43 / 118.3 US$ billion 0 100 % UK France Germany Spain Average* UK 12,13 France 14 Germany 15,16 Spain 17,18 Average* Research Education Male Female Average* 41% 52% 46% 40% 50% 45% 30% 32% 31% 37% 45% 41% 40.75% * Average of the four European countries researched: France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom #4 #6 #7 Position in QS World Ranking DUCL – UniversityCollege London Oxford Cambridge England #98 #176 #1 #425 #249 National Universityof Ireland, Galway University College Dublin Trinity CollegeDublin Ireland #140 #390 #411 Bangor Swansea Cardiff Wales Not listed Not listed Ulster Queen’s, Belfast Northern Ireland #63 #77 #244 Dundee St. Andrews Glasgow Scotland

All universities in the UK demand a tuition fee – none of them is public or government-owned, like in most countries. They are independent organizations and the majority of them have somekind of government funding – still, students that want to get a degree have to contribute financially, unless they have scholarships. 30
Recently, the financing of universities has become a sensitive issue in the UK. With the country’s decision to leave the European Union (EU), and the subsequent inability to access EU funds for higher education, institutions are becoming increasingly more concerned that international students might not be able to go to the United Kingdom to get a degree anymore. The number of 438,000 international students is expected to drop in the near future, considering 127,000 come from other EU countries. As if this wasn’t enough trouble, Brexit could also have a bear on research funding, which is also seen as a major concern.31